MISSION AND VALUES
It is an ethical and moral responsibility to search for effective formats to bring closer the reality interpreted in the studies, based on the experience gathered, to an audience that does not necessarily possess the technical and methodological keys of academic research. Science might not only be transmitted by appealing to a cognitive understanding, but rather by connecting to the emotional world (including feelings and empathy).
If you want to reach a broad audience and consider the possibility of changing attitudes, you must not only be faithful to the scientific development, but to appeal to the emotional part, which can be relevant for the transformative power that science aims to. Knowledge transfer based on art combines, therefore, scientific rigor with human and personal experience. Knowledge transfer based on art aims, therefore, to combine scientific rigor with human and personal experience.
Knowledge transfer based on art aims, therefore, to combine scientific rigor with human and personal experience. The transfer of knowledge based on art deals with the dissemination and communication of knowledge resulting from research. Such approaches to knowledge transfer offer unique ways to involve diverse stakeholders in important healthcare issues. People in and out of clinical health care recognize that arts-based methods illuminate the human dimensions of health and illness in ways that lower disciplinary barriers and improve our understanding of both health care and health.
By definition, these methods involve interdisciplinary and interprofessional collaboration between the clinical and social sciences, the humanities and the arts.
The incorporation of artistic formats in knowledge transfer strategies makes it possible to evoke emotional responses, provide alternative forms of representation and promote dialogue and the exchange of stories. Health-based research initiatives in art are becoming, therefore, a new platform to social research and a fruitful path to innovation in qualitative research. These changes are promising, as they begin to address the use of arts-based approaches as a legitimate way to conduct research and represent knowledge in health sciences, social sciences and humanities.
Despite the growing proliferation of collaborative art exhibitions, books, performances and installations that aim to "activate" science, it is not clear whether scientific communication based on the arts is exceptionally effective in creating awareness or shaping public policy.
This is the reason we need to work together artist, scientist, and all stakeholders involved. In this emerging and prolific scenario of the use of the arts in the field of health research, three central gaps have been identified: the need for a critical dialogue on the impact of research in health based on the arts, the need to focus in how the quality of such projects is judged and the need to address the ethical challenges of participating in this work. While the transfer of knowledge based on the arts is increasingly popular, relatively few professionals have systematically evaluated the impact of such methods. In a recent review of the scope of 72 arts-based health research articles, Boydell et al identified 42 papers that focus on the use of the arts in the creation of research knowledge: 24 focused on the dissemination of findings, and only six focused specifically on assessing the impact of the use of the arts on audience members.
Therefore, one of the next steps in the development of Arts Based Research in the social health field is the evaluation of its impact. Preliminary evaluations indicate that this is a promising approach to inform about clinical practice, health policies and society's understanding of health-related issues (Mahtani-Chugani et al., 2016). However, the evaluation in this area is still controversial, it depends on many factors such as the speaker, the receiver and the language format. There are many intangible results that are, in many cases, precisely the changes that we want to achieve.
In addition, as it is a novel setting, the whole area is in a phase of method construction and it is considered that more should be inquired about what approaches, how, where and for whom it is effective to use these tools of knowledge transfer. One of the proposals is to classify according to the degree of accuracy of the message and the degree of target participation. Finally, it is necessary to insist on the importance of evaluation, since it is difficult to justify the allocation of resources to these activities if there is no confirmation of their usefulness.
Qualitative research offers well known strategies to improve rigour which could be used similarly when transforming a scientific result or having a message to promote, into an artistic format. Lincoln and Guba consider that trustworthiness involves establishing: Credibility (confidence in the 'truth' of the findings); Transferability (showing that the findings have applicability in other contexts); Dependability (showing that the findings are consistent and could be repeated); Confirmability - a degree of neutrality or the extent to which the findings of a study are shaped by the respondents and not researcher bias, motivation, or interest); they describe a series of techniques that can be used to conduct qualitative research that achieves the criteria they outline. Our hypothesis is that the strategies for credibility and confirmability would be useful as the starting point to develop guidelines for artist and scientist: Prolonged Engagement; Persistent Observation; Triangulation, Peer debriefing; Negative case analysis; Referentia adequacy; Member-checking; Thick description; Inquiry audit; Audit trail; Reflexivity.
In this line, the work proposed here aims to continue taking steps in the development of this emerging discipline in the socio-sanitary field, exploring the current state of the use of artistic- creative formats for the transfer of knowledge. This will allow us to revise terminology and clarify definitions and concepts, describing and analysing specific cases of knowledge transfer through creative artistic formats of qualitative research in public health -conducted by the research team-, as well as evaluating the applicability, internal validity and scope / impact of one of these products